﻿﻿ POJ 3505 Tower Parking - 追着光梦游

2017-08-12

## Tower Parking

Description

There is a new revolution in the parking lot business: the parking tower. The concept is simple: you drive your car into the elevator at the entrance of the tower, and the elevator and conveyor belts drag the car to an empty parking spot, where the car remains until you pick it up. When you return, the elevator and conveyor belts move your car back to the entrance and you’re done.

The layout of the tower is simple. There is one central elevator that transports the cars between the different floors. On each floor there is one giant circular conveyor belt on which the cars stand. This belt can move in clockwise and counterclockwise direction. When the elevator arrives on a floor, it becomes part of the belt so that cars can move through it.

At the end of the day the tower is usually packed with cars and a lot of people come to pick them up. Customers are processed in a first come first serve order: the elevator is moved to the floor of the first car, the conveyor belt moves the car on the elevator, the elevator is moved down again, and so on. We like to know how long it takes before the last customer gets his car. Moving the elevator one floor up- or downwards takes 10 seconds and moving a conveyor belt one car in either direction takes 5 seconds.

Input

On the first line one positive number: the number of testcases, at most 100. After that per testcase:

One line with two integers h and l with 1 ≤ h ≤ 50 and 2 ≤ l ≤ 50: the height of the parking tower and the length of the conveyor belts.

h lines with l integers: the initial placement of the cars. The jth number on the ith line describes the jth position on the ith floor. This number is −1 if the position is empty, and r if the position is occupied by the rth car to pick up. The positive numbers form a consecutive sequence from 1 to the number of cars. The entrance is on the first floor and the elevator (which is initially empty) is in the first position. There is at least one car in the parking tower.

Output

Per testcase:One line with the number of seconds before the last customer is served.
Sample Input
2
1 5
-1 2 1 -1 3
3 6
-1 5 6 -1 -1 3
-1 -1 7 -1 2 9
-1 10 4 1 8 -1
Sample Output
25
320

``````#include <iostream>
#include<string.h>
using namespace std;

struct Node
{
int x, y;
}pos[2501];//x,y分别表示第tmp个被取走的车的空间位置

int turn[50];//是全局变量，未赋初值，元素全是0
int main()
{
int tcase, height, length;
cin>>tcase;
while(tcase--)
{
cin>>height>>length;
int total = 0, tmp=0;
for(int i = 0; i < height; i++)
for(int j = 0; j < length; j++)
{
cin>>tmp;
if(tmp != -1)
{
total++;//车在这一层总共的数量
pos[tmp].x = j;
pos[tmp].y = i;
}
}
//end of input
int k = 1;
int curX, curY, ans = 0;//cur=current
while(k <= total)
{
curY = pos[k].y;
curX = pos[k].x+turn[curY];
if(curX >= length)
curX %= length;
while(curX < 0)
curX += length;
if(curX > length-curX)
{
ans+=(length-curX)*5+curY*20;
turn[curY] += length-curX;
}
else
{
ans += curX*5+curY*20;
turn[curY]-= curX;//turn[curY]用来判断离哪面近一点，节省时间 ，每一层用一个元素，减去当前位置 ，即可知道后来的位置
}
k++;
//cout<<"ans is "<<ans<<endl;
}
cout<<ans<<endl;
memset(turn, 0, sizeof(turn));//memset常用于内存空间初始化
}
return 0;
}
``````

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